2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-同情心和内疚感的互补Pt.3

2022-09-09 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


And guilt, by prompting us to think more deeply about our goodness, can encourage humans to make up for errors and fix relationships. Guilt, in other words, can help hold a cooperative species together. It is a kind of social glue.

Viewed in this light, guilt is an opportunity. Work by Tina Malti, a psychology professor at the University of Toronto, suggests that guilt may compensate for an emotional deficiency. In a number of studies, Malti and others have shown that guilt and sympathy may represent different pathways to cooperation and sharing. Some kids who are low in sympathy may make up for that shortfall by experiencing more guilt, which can rein in their nastier impulses. And vice versa: High sympathy can substitute for low guilt.

短文翻译

而内疚感,通过促使我们更深入地思考人性之善,可以鼓励人们去弥补过错并修复关系。換句话说,内疚感有助于让一个合作性的种族团结起来。它是一种社会黏合剂。

从这个角度来看,内疚感是一种机会。多伦多大学的心理学教授蒂娜·马尔蒂的研究表明,内疚感也许能弥补某种情感缺失。在大量研究中,马尔蒂和其他研究人员已经证明,内疚感和同情心可能代表着促成合作与共享的不同路径。一些缺乏同情心的孩子可以通过体验更多的内疚感来弥补这种缺失,这种内疚感可以抑制他们更恶意的冲动。反之亦然:富有同情心可以替代内疚感的不足。

核心单词一览

真题练习

*一定要做题哦

24. Malti and others have shown that cooperation and sharing _______.

A. may help correct emotional deficiencies

B. can result from either sympathy or guilt

C. can bring about emotional satisfaction

D. may be the outcome of impulsive acts

题目解析

24.【解析】根据题干关键词“Malti and others have shown 与cooperation and sharing.”回文定位到第四段第三句:“Malti and others have shown that guilt and sympathy may represent different pathways to cooperation and sharing.” (马尔蒂和其他人已经表明,内疚和同情可能代表了合作和分享的不同途径。) 对比四个选项,只有B项 can result from either sympathy or guilt(要么归因于同情,要么归因于内疚)与原文表述一致,故为正确选项。

A项may help correct emotional deficiencies(可能有助于改正情感缺陷)与第四段第二句话… that guilt may compensate for an emotional deficiency(内疚可能会弥补情感缺陷)不符。

C项can bring about emotional satisfaction(能够带来情感上的满足)并未提及。

D项may be the outcome of impulsive acts (可能是冲动行为的结果) 与第四段第三句…which can rein in their nastier impulses(这可以控制他们更糟糕的冲动)因果倒置,故排除。

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