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2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-美国的移民变化Pt.3

2022-08-18 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


Many of the other objections to immigration also have a familiar ring. In the past, too, Americans worried (though perhaps not quite as much as they do now) about the effects of the arrival of these people on their environment, about the newcomers’ commitment to America and its values. But in a few respects the worries about the current influx are genuinely new.

One concerns the skills of the new arrivals: they are declining compared with those of the native-born population. Lower skills mean more poverty and because of the second new factor, the growth of the welfare state----greater cost to the taxpayer. In 1970 the typical immigrant had a lower participation in welfare than the American average; by 1990 the participation rate was higher than average (immigrants were 9% of households but took 13% of welfare money). A third worry is that assimilation has become harder with the rise of “multiculturalism” and the new emphasis on group rights.

短文翻译

许多其他对移民的异议都是相同的套路。在过去,美国也担心 (但是没有现在那么担心)这些人的到来会不会影响自己的生活环境,会不会承担对美国的义务和值不值得这样做。但在一些方面,对当前的移民涌入现象,人们也会有新的担忧。

有人担忧新来的人的技能与本地出生的人的技能相比正在下降。低技能意味着更多贫困,第二个担忧:福利国家的发展意味着纳税人纳更多的税。在1970年,合法的移民比美国平均水平享有更少的福利,到1990年,他们享有的福利率上升到高于美国平均水平(9%的移民户数却拿了13%的福利金)。第三个担忧是,随着“多元文化”的崛起和群体的权利成为新的重点,同化已经变得更艰难。

重点单词详解

1.Objection [əb'dʒekʃ(ə)n]

n. 异议,反对;缺陷

2.Familiar [fə'mɪlɪə]

adj. 熟悉的;常见的

3.Effect [ɪ'fekt]

n. 影响;效果

4.Commitment [kə'mɪtm(ə)nt]

n. 承诺,保证;委托

5.Influx ['ɪnflʌks]

n. 流入;汇集

6.Genuinely ['dʒenjuinli]

adv. 真诚地;诚实地

7.Concern [kən'sɜːn]

n. 关系;关心

8.Taxpayer ['tækspeɪə]

n. 纳税人

9.Participation [pɑː,tɪsɪ'peɪʃn]

n. 参与;分享

10.Welfare ['welfeə]

n. 福利;幸福

11.Assimilation [ə,sɪmɪ'leɪʃən]

n. 同化;吸收

12.Multiculturalism [,mʌltɪ'kʌltʃərəlɪzm]

n. 多元文化

13.Emphasis on

着重于

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