MBA考研英语|阅读理解技巧-熟词僻义30组(总结)

2020-12-21 来源:众凯MBA考研培训

MBA考研英语|阅读理解技巧-词汇障碍如何清除

有很多同学在做阅读时也发现有一些熟悉的词汇在文中的意思与自己所认知的不太符合,这也就是考研英语中的考点之一——熟词僻义,所以我们在这里总结了重点熟词僻义30组,帮同学们清除阅读障碍!

重要熟词僻义

1. address 地址;演说;解决

真题直击:

*I was addressing a small gathering in a suburban Virginia living room – a women’s group that had invited men to join them.

我在弗吉尼亚州郊区的一个客厅里向一个小集会致辞,这是一个邀请男性加入的妇女团体。

*This rule is meant to address the difficulty that students from impoverished or chaotic homes might have in completing their homework.

这条规则旨在解决来自贫困或混乱家庭的学生在完成家庭作业时可能遇到的困难。

*At the same time, the policy addresses none of the truly thorny questions about homework.

同时,这项政策没有解决家庭作业中真正棘手的问题。

*It needs to put historical prejudices to one side and take some steps to address our urgent housing need.

它需要将历史偏见放在一边,并采取一些措施来解决我们迫切的住房需求。

*Competition law appears to be the only way toaddress these imbalances of power.

竞争法似乎是解决这些权力失衡的唯一途径。

*By the time a problem has been addressed and remedied it may have vanished in the marketplace, to be replaced by new abuses of power.

当一个问题得到解决时,它可能已经在市场上消失了,取而代之的是新的滥用职权行为。

2. act 行为;法令;(一)幕

真题直击:

*In 1968, the Congress of the United States passed theJury Selection and Service Act, ushering in a new era of democratic reforms for the jury.

1968年,美国国会通过了《陪审团遴选和服务法》,开创了陪审团民主改革的新纪元。

3. fine 好的;罚款

真题直击:

*A judge has now overruled the city's decision to stop levying fines, ordering them restored.

一名法官现在驳回了该市停止征收罚款的决定,下令恢复罚款。

4. run 跑步;经营

真题直击:

*The longest bull run in a century of art-market history ended.

艺术市场百年历史上最长的牛市结束了。

*Such a move could affect firms such as McDonald’s, which sponsors the youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association.

这一举措可能会影响麦当劳等公司,该公司赞助了足球协会(Football Association)管理的青少年教练计划。

*They run counter to my belief in meritocracy, governance by the capable.

他们违背了我对精英统治、能人治理的信念。

*Today’s CEO, at least for major American firms, must have many more skills than simply being able to “run the company.”

如今的首席执行官,至少对美国的大公司来说,必须具备比“管理公司”更多的技能。

5. nature 自然;本质

真题直击:

*In discussing the U.S . jury system, the text centers on ______. [A] its nature and problems

在讨论美国的陪审团制度时,文本集中在______。[A] 它的性质和问题

*The author suggests that our perception of children’s psychological development was much influenced by_____. [B] the observation of children’s nature

作者认为,我们对儿童心理发展的认知受到了____很多影响。[B] 对儿童天性的观察

*Critics make three main arguments against gene patents: a gene is a product of nature, so it may not be patented.

批评家们对基因专利提出了三个主要论点:基因是自然的产物,因此可能没有专利。

*Benjamin Friedman believes that economic recessions may___.[B] bring out more evils of human nature

本杰明·弗里德曼认为,经济衰退可能会_______[B]带来更多人性的邪恶

*The overly simplified view Moritz mentions is a result of failing to ______. [A] discover the fundamental makeup of nature

莫里茨提到的过于简化的观点是由于未能_____。[A] 探索大自然的基本构成

6. figure 体型;人物;数字;想出

真题直击:

*At its peak in 2007 it was worth some $65 billion, reckons Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a research firm—double the figure five years earlier.

艺术经济学(Arts Economics)的创始人克莱尔•麦坎德罗(Clare McAndrew)估计,在2007年的顶峰时期,它的价值约为650亿美元,这个数字是五年前的两倍。

*There are fundamental public health problems, like dirty hands instead of a soap habit, that remain killers only because we can’t figure out how to change people’s habits.

有一些基本的公共卫生问题,比如脏手而不是肥皂的习惯,它们仍然是杀手,只是因为我们不知道如何改变人们的习惯。

*But senior medical figures want to stop fast-food outlets opening near schools.

但资深医学界人士希望停止在学校附近开设快餐店。

*Taking a gap year to figure things out initially can help prevent stress and save money later on.

利用一个间隔年来解决最初的问题,有助于防止压力,并在以后节省开支。

7. pronounce 发音;宣布

8. rest 休息;剩下的;依靠(on)

真题直击:

*While climate is a key element, Moritz says, it shouldn’t come at the expense of the rest of the equation.

莫里茨说,虽然气候是一个关键因素,但它不应以牺牲其他因素为代价。

*Curiosity is often considered a good instinct—it can______new scientific advances. [A] lead to  [B] rest on  [C] learn from [D] begin with

好奇心通常被认为是一种很好的本能,它能____新的科学进步。[A]引领  [B]依靠  [C]从...学习 [D]以...开始

* While the rest of the world takes the lead, notably China and Europe, the United States is also seeing a remarkable shift.

当世界其他国家(尤其是中国和欧洲)处于领先地位的同时,美国也看到了一个显著的转变。

9. modest 谦虚的;中等的;适度的

真题直击:

*The trend toward “less” was not entirely foreign. In the 1930s Frank  Lloyd Wright started building more modest and efficient house.

“减少”的趋势并不完全是外来的。20世纪30年代,弗兰克·劳埃德·赖特(Frank Lloyd Wright)开始建造更为简陋高效的住宅。

10. house  n.房屋 v.安置,容纳

真题直击:

*They housed eight adult rats with two types of robotic rat -one social and one asocial -for four days.

他们把8只成年老鼠和两种类型的机器老鼠——一种是社交型的,一种是非社交型的——关了四天。

11. might 可能;强大力量

真题直击:

*The author suggests that the birds of passage today should be treated_____. [D]as mighty rivals

作者认为今天的鸟类应该被____对待。[D]作为强大的对手

12. book  书;v. 预订

13. article 文章;物品;条款

真题直击:

*It was on all of the articles handed out to soldiers.

它(这个标识)出现在所有分发给士兵的物品上面

14. lot  大量;命运;生活状况

真题直击:

*Readers of Happy Money are clearly a privileged lot, anxious about fulfillment, not hunger.

Happy Money的读者显然是一个特权阶层,他们焦虑的是满足感,而不是饥饿感。

15. express 表达;快递

16. expression  表达;表情

真题直击:

*In it, a mother is asked to interact with her child in a normal way before putting on a blankexpression and not giving them any visual social feedback.

在这个试验中,一位母亲被要求以正常的方式与孩子互动,然后面无表情,不给他们任何视觉上的社交反馈。

17. jump  跳跃;猛涨

18. novel 小说;新颖的

19. succeed  成功;继任;继承

真题直击:

*But successive governments have presided over selling green spaces, squeezing money from local authorities and declining attention on sport in education.

但是,历届政府都在出售绿地,从地方政府那里榨取资金,并在教育领域对体育的关注度下降。

20. even 甚至;均匀的;相等

21. count 计数;数字;重要;有价值;指望(count on)

真题直击:

*Even as we humans count on forests to soak up a good share of the carbon dioxide we produce, we are threatening their ability to do so.

即使我们人类指望森林吸收我们生产的二氧化碳的大部分,我们也在威胁他们的能力。

*As mentioned in Paragraph 4, a key question unanswered about homework is whether _____ . [B] itcounts much in schooling

正如第4段所提到的,关于家庭作业,一个关键的问题没有得到回答,那就是是否_____。[B]它在学校教育中很重要

22. sound 声音;听起来;健康完好的;合理的;充分地

23. fairly 公平地;相当

真题直击:

*To lead in that system requires knowledge that isfairly mind-boggling.

要想在那个系统中发挥领导作用,就需要相当令人难以置信的知识。

24. gift 礼物;天赋

真题直击:

*Koziatek’s school is a wake-up call. When education becomes one-size-fits-all, it risks overlooking a nation’s diversity of gifts.

科齐亚特克的学校给我们敲响了警钟。当教育变得一刀切时,它就有可能忽视一个国家天赋的多样性。

25. plant 种植;工厂

26. back  回去;背面;支持 (backup)

真题直击:

*The food industry will be alarmed that such senior doctors back such radical moves, especially the call to use some of the tough tactics that have been deployed against smoking over the last decade.

食品行业将感到震惊的是,这些资深医生支持这些激进的举措,尤其是呼吁使用过去十年来针对吸烟采取的一些强硬策略。

27. weather 天气;经受住

真题直击:

*Outside directors should be able to give advice based on having weathered their own crises.

外部董事应能够根据自己经历的危机给出建议。

28. ground 地面;充分的理由;打基础

真题直击:

*we ground such snap reactions in “thick sliced” long-term study.

快速反应是在对“大块”信息进行长期研究的基础上。

29. firm 公司;坚定的(firm supporter)

真题直击:

*It also repeatedly and firmly fuses girls’ identity to appearance.

它也反复而坚定地将女孩的身份与外表融合在一起。

30. reason  n.理由;理性 v.推理;分析

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