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2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-间隔年对大学生的帮助Pt.2

2022-09-26 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


But while this may be true, it’s not a good enough reason to condemn gap years. There’s always a constant fear of falling behind everyone else on the socially perpetuated “race to the finish line,” whether that be toward graduate school, medical school or a lucrative career. But despite common misconceptions, a gap year does not hinder the success of academic pursuits – in fact, it probably enhances it.

Studies from the United States and Australia show that students who take a gap year are generally better prepared for and perform better in college than those who do not. Rather than pulling students back, a gap year pushes them ahead by preparing them for independence, new responsibilities and environmental changes – all things that first-year students often struggle with the most. Gap year experiences can lessen the blow when it comes to adjusting to college and being thrown into a brand new environment, making it easier to focus on academics and activities rather than acclimation blunders.

短文翻译

虽然这可能是事实,但并不是拒绝空档年的充分理由。人们总是害怕在社会上永久不变的“冲向终点”的比赛中落后于其他人,无论是在考研、考医学院或是竞争高收入职业方面,均是如此。尽管存在着普遍的误解,但空档年并不会妨碍人们在学术追求上获得成功——实际上,它对此不无裨益。

来自美国和澳大利亚的研究显示,度过空档年的学生整体上比没有度过空档年的学生准备更加充分,在大学中表现的也更好。空档年不仅不会拖学生们的后腿,还有助于他们在独立性、承担新责任和应对环境变化等方面做好准备——而这些都是大学新生时常面临的难题。空档年经历可也减轻适应大学生活和突然进入全新环境时的各种冲击,使学生们更容易将精力集中在学术和活动上,而不是忙于应付环境导致的失误。

核心单词一览

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-间隔年对大学生的帮助Pt.2

真题练习

*一定要做题哦

32.Studies from the U.S. and Australia imply that taking a gap year helps _______.

[A] keep students from being unrealistic

[B] lower risks in choosing careers

[C] ease freshmen’s financial burdens

[D] relieve freshmen of pressures

33.The word “acclimation” (Line 8,Para. 3) is closest in meaning to ________.

[A] adaptation

[B] application

[C] motivation

[D] competition

题目解析

32.【解析】根据题目中的study from the Australia and U.S.可以定位到第三段第一句话Studies from the United States and Australia show that students who take a gap year are generally better prepared for and perform better in college than those who do not。这句话明确说了有间隔年的学生比没有的要好,好在准备和表现上。所以A:unrealistic和B:choosing career不对。第二句在表现好的更细致地方面进行了描述:preparing them for independence独立性, new responsibilities责任感 and environmental changes环境变化。紧随的破折号后总结说了这是 first-year students一年级学生 often struggle with the most常常有苦恼的。说明最受益的是gap了一年的大学一年级学生,而整段都没提过financial burdens,所以C不对。而D中的pressure是对前面内容的概括性描述,因此答案是D。

33.【解析】这题根据题干中给的信息,到第三段最后一句中去找答案,Gap year experiences can...when it comes to adjusting to college..., making it easier to...rather than acclimation blunders.这个句子分两部分,逗号+making分词作状语,从功能上是解释补充说明前面半句,所以间隔年的好处是能帮助新生调节适应大学,而不用担心acclimation 问题,所以acclimation当然就是适应的意思了。因此A为正确答案。

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